OnTime

Этот датасет может быть получен двумя способами:

  • импорт из сырых данных;
  • скачивание готовых партиций.

Импорт из сырых данных

Скачивание данных:

for s in `seq 1987 2018`
do
for m in `seq 1 12`
do
wget https://transtats.bts.gov/PREZIP/On_Time_Reporting_Carrier_On_Time_Performance_1987_present_${s}_${m}.zip
done
done

(из https://github.com/Percona-Lab/ontime-airline-performance/blob/master/download.sh )

Создание таблицы:

CREATE TABLE `ontime` (
  `Year` UInt16,
  `Quarter` UInt8,
  `Month` UInt8,
  `DayofMonth` UInt8,
  `DayOfWeek` UInt8,
  `FlightDate` Date,
  `UniqueCarrier` FixedString(7),
  `AirlineID` Int32,
  `Carrier` FixedString(2),
  `TailNum` String,
  `FlightNum` String,
  `OriginAirportID` Int32,
  `OriginAirportSeqID` Int32,
  `OriginCityMarketID` Int32,
  `Origin` FixedString(5),
  `OriginCityName` String,
  `OriginState` FixedString(2),
  `OriginStateFips` String,
  `OriginStateName` String,
  `OriginWac` Int32,
  `DestAirportID` Int32,
  `DestAirportSeqID` Int32,
  `DestCityMarketID` Int32,
  `Dest` FixedString(5),
  `DestCityName` String,
  `DestState` FixedString(2),
  `DestStateFips` String,
  `DestStateName` String,
  `DestWac` Int32,
  `CRSDepTime` Int32,
  `DepTime` Int32,
  `DepDelay` Int32,
  `DepDelayMinutes` Int32,
  `DepDel15` Int32,
  `DepartureDelayGroups` String,
  `DepTimeBlk` String,
  `TaxiOut` Int32,
  `WheelsOff` Int32,
  `WheelsOn` Int32,
  `TaxiIn` Int32,
  `CRSArrTime` Int32,
  `ArrTime` Int32,
  `ArrDelay` Int32,
  `ArrDelayMinutes` Int32,
  `ArrDel15` Int32,
  `ArrivalDelayGroups` Int32,
  `ArrTimeBlk` String,
  `Cancelled` UInt8,
  `CancellationCode` FixedString(1),
  `Diverted` UInt8,
  `CRSElapsedTime` Int32,
  `ActualElapsedTime` Int32,
  `AirTime` Int32,
  `Flights` Int32,
  `Distance` Int32,
  `DistanceGroup` UInt8,
  `CarrierDelay` Int32,
  `WeatherDelay` Int32,
  `NASDelay` Int32,
  `SecurityDelay` Int32,
  `LateAircraftDelay` Int32,
  `FirstDepTime` String,
  `TotalAddGTime` String,
  `LongestAddGTime` String,
  `DivAirportLandings` String,
  `DivReachedDest` String,
  `DivActualElapsedTime` String,
  `DivArrDelay` String,
  `DivDistance` String,
  `Div1Airport` String,
  `Div1AirportID` Int32,
  `Div1AirportSeqID` Int32,
  `Div1WheelsOn` String,
  `Div1TotalGTime` String,
  `Div1LongestGTime` String,
  `Div1WheelsOff` String,
  `Div1TailNum` String,
  `Div2Airport` String,
  `Div2AirportID` Int32,
  `Div2AirportSeqID` Int32,
  `Div2WheelsOn` String,
  `Div2TotalGTime` String,
  `Div2LongestGTime` String,
  `Div2WheelsOff` String,
  `Div2TailNum` String,
  `Div3Airport` String,
  `Div3AirportID` Int32,
  `Div3AirportSeqID` Int32,
  `Div3WheelsOn` String,
  `Div3TotalGTime` String,
  `Div3LongestGTime` String,
  `Div3WheelsOff` String,
  `Div3TailNum` String,
  `Div4Airport` String,
  `Div4AirportID` Int32,
  `Div4AirportSeqID` Int32,
  `Div4WheelsOn` String,
  `Div4TotalGTime` String,
  `Div4LongestGTime` String,
  `Div4WheelsOff` String,
  `Div4TailNum` String,
  `Div5Airport` String,
  `Div5AirportID` Int32,
  `Div5AirportSeqID` Int32,
  `Div5WheelsOn` String,
  `Div5TotalGTime` String,
  `Div5LongestGTime` String,
  `Div5WheelsOff` String,
  `Div5TailNum` String
) ENGINE = MergeTree(FlightDate, (Year, FlightDate), 8192)

Загрузка данных:

for i in *.zip; do echo $i; unzip -cq $i '*.csv' | sed 's/\.00//g' | clickhouse-client --host=example-perftest01j --query="INSERT INTO ontime FORMAT CSVWithNames"; done

Скачивание готовых партиций

curl -O https://clickhouse-datasets.s3.yandex.net/ontime/partitions/ontime.tar
tar xvf ontime.tar -C /var/lib/clickhouse # путь к папке с данными ClickHouse
# убедитесь, что установлены корректные права доступа на файлы
sudo service clickhouse-server restart
clickhouse-client --query "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM datasets.ontime"

Info

Если вы собираетесь выполнять запросы, приведенные ниже, то к имени таблицы нужно добавить имя базы, datasets.ontime.

Запросы:

Q0.

SELECT avg(c1)
FROM
(
    SELECT Year, Month, count(*) AS c1
    FROM ontime
    GROUP BY Year, Month
);

Q1. Количество полетов в день с 2000 по 2008 года

SELECT DayOfWeek, count(*) AS c
FROM ontime
WHERE Year>=2000 AND Year<=2008
GROUP BY DayOfWeek
ORDER BY c DESC;

Q2. Количество полетов, задержанных более чем на 10 минут, с группировкой по дням неделе, за 2000-2008 года

SELECT DayOfWeek, count(*) AS c
FROM ontime
WHERE DepDelay>10 AND Year>=2000 AND Year<=2008
GROUP BY DayOfWeek
ORDER BY c DESC;

Q3. Количество задержек по аэропортам за 2000-2008

SELECT Origin, count(*) AS c
FROM ontime
WHERE DepDelay>10 AND Year>=2000 AND Year<=2008
GROUP BY Origin
ORDER BY c DESC
LIMIT 10;

Q4. Количество задержек по перевозчикам за 2007 год

SELECT Carrier, count(*)
FROM ontime
WHERE DepDelay>10 AND Year=2007
GROUP BY Carrier
ORDER BY count(*) DESC;

Q5. Процент задержек по перевозчикам за 2007 год

SELECT Carrier, c, c2, c*100/c2 as c3
FROM
(
    SELECT
        Carrier,
        count(*) AS c
    FROM ontime
    WHERE DepDelay>10
        AND Year=2007
    GROUP BY Carrier
)
ANY INNER JOIN
(
    SELECT
        Carrier,
        count(*) AS c2
    FROM ontime
    WHERE Year=2007
    GROUP BY Carrier
) USING Carrier
ORDER BY c3 DESC;

Более оптимальная версия того же запроса:

SELECT Carrier, avg(DepDelay>10)*100 AS c3
FROM ontime
WHERE Year=2007
GROUP BY Carrier
ORDER BY Carrier

Q6. Предыдущий запрос за более широкий диапазон лет, 2000-2008

SELECT Carrier, c, c2, c*100/c2 as c3
FROM
(
    SELECT
        Carrier,
        count(*) AS c
    FROM ontime
    WHERE DepDelay>10
        AND Year>=2000 AND Year<=2008
    GROUP BY Carrier
)
ANY INNER JOIN
(
    SELECT
        Carrier,
        count(*) AS c2
    FROM ontime
    WHERE Year>=2000 AND Year<=2008
    GROUP BY Carrier
) USING Carrier
ORDER BY c3 DESC;

Более оптимальная версия того же запроса:

SELECT Carrier, avg(DepDelay>10)*100 AS c3
FROM ontime
WHERE Year>=2000 AND Year<=2008
GROUP BY Carrier
ORDER BY Carrier;

Q7. Процент полетов, задержанных на более 10 минут, в разбивке по годам

SELECT Year, c1/c2
FROM
(
    select
        Year,
        count(*)*100 as c1
    from ontime
    WHERE DepDelay>10
    GROUP BY Year
)
ANY INNER JOIN
(
    select
        Year,
        count(*) as c2
    from ontime
    GROUP BY Year
) USING (Year)
ORDER BY Year;

Более оптимальная версия того же запроса:

SELECT Year, avg(DepDelay>10)
FROM ontime
GROUP BY Year
ORDER BY Year;

Q8. Самые популярные направления по количеству напрямую соединенных городов для различных диапазонов лет

SELECT DestCityName, uniqExact(OriginCityName) AS u F
ROM ontime
WHERE Year>=2000 and Year<=2010
GROUP BY DestCityName
ORDER BY u DESC
LIMIT 10;

Q9.

SELECT Year, count(*) AS c1
FROM ontime
GROUP BY Year;

Q10.

SELECT
   min(Year), max(Year), Carrier, count(*) AS cnt,
   sum(ArrDelayMinutes>30) AS flights_delayed,
   round(sum(ArrDelayMinutes>30)/count(*),2) AS rate
FROM ontime
WHERE
   DayOfWeek NOT IN (6,7) AND OriginState NOT IN ('AK', 'HI', 'PR', 'VI')
   AND DestState NOT IN ('AK', 'HI', 'PR', 'VI')
   AND FlightDate < '2010-01-01'
GROUP by Carrier
HAVING cnt>100000 and max(Year)>1990
ORDER by rate DESC
LIMIT 1000;

Бонус:

SELECT avg(cnt)
FROM
(
    SELECT Year,Month,count(*) AS cnt
    FROM ontime
    WHERE DepDel15=1
    GROUP BY Year,Month
);

SELECT avg(c1) FROM
(
    SELECT Year,Month,count(*) AS c1
    FROM ontime
    GROUP BY Year,Month
);

SELECT DestCityName, uniqExact(OriginCityName) AS u
FROM ontime
GROUP BY DestCityName
ORDER BY u DESC
LIMIT 10;

SELECT OriginCityName, DestCityName, count() AS c
FROM ontime
GROUP BY OriginCityName, DestCityName
ORDER BY c DESC
LIMIT 10;

SELECT OriginCityName, count() AS c
FROM ontime
GROUP BY OriginCityName
ORDER BY c DESC
LIMIT 10;

Данный тест производительности был создан Вадимом Ткаченко, статьи по теме: