Rounding functions

floor(x[, N])

Returns the largest round number that is less than or equal to x. A round number is a multiple of 1/10N, or the nearest number of the appropriate data type if 1 / 10N isn't exact. 'N' is an integer constant, optional parameter. By default it is zero, which means to round to an integer. 'N' may be negative.

Examples: floor(123.45, 1) = 123.4, floor(123.45, -1) = 120.

x is any numeric type. The result is a number of the same type. For integer arguments, it makes sense to round with a negative N value (for non-negative N, the function doesn't do anything). If rounding causes overflow (for example, floor(-128, -1)), an implementation-specific result is returned.

ceil(x[, N]), ceiling(x[, N])

Returns the smallest round number that is greater than or equal to x. In every other way, it is the same as the floor function (see above).

trunc(x[, N]), truncate(x[, N])

Returns the round number with largest absolute value that has an absolute value less than or equal to x's. In every other way, it is the same as the 'floor' function (see above).

round(x[, N])

Rounds a value to a specified number of decimal places.

The function returns the nearest number of the specified order. In case when given number has equal distance to surrounding numbers, the function uses banker's rounding for float number types and rounds away from zero for the other number types.

round(expression [, decimal_places])

Parameters:

  • expression — A number to be rounded. Can be any expression returning the numeric data type.
  • decimal-places — An integer value.
    • If decimal-places > 0 then the function rounds the value to the right of the decimal point.
    • If decimal-places < 0 then the function rounds the value to the left of the decimal point.
    • If decimal-places = 0 then the function rounds the value to integer. In this case the argument can be omitted.

Returned value:

The rounded number of the same type as the input number.

Examples

Example of use

SELECT number / 2 AS x, round(x) FROM system.numbers LIMIT 3
┌───x─┬─round(divide(number, 2))─┐
│   0 │                        0 │
│ 0.5 │                        0 │
│   1 │                        1 │
└─────┴──────────────────────────┘

Examples of rounding

Rounding to the nearest number.

round(3.2, 0) = 3
round(4.1267, 2) = 4.13
round(22,-1) = 20
round(467,-2) = 500
round(-467,-2) = -500

Banker's rounding.

round(3.5) = 4
round(4.5) = 4
round(3.55, 1) = 3.6
round(3.65, 1) = 3.6

See Also

roundBankers

Rounds a number to a specified decimal position.

  • If rounding number is a half between two numbers, the function uses banker's rounding.

    Banker's rounding is a method of rounding fractional numbers. When the rounding number is a half between two numbers, it is rounded to the nearest even number. E.g. 3.5 rounds up to 4, 2.5 rounds down to 2.

  • In other cases function rounds numbers to the nearest integer.

Using banker's rounding, you can reduce the effect of rounding numbers on the result of summing or subtracting these numbers.

For example, sum numbers 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5 with different rounding:

  • No rounding: 1.5 + 2.5 + 3.5 + 4.5 = 12.
  • Banker's rounding: 2 + 2 + 4 + 4 = 12.
  • Rounding to the nearest integer: 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 = 14.

Syntax

roundBankers(expression [, decimal_places])

Parameters

  • expression — A number to be rounded. Can be any expression returning the numeric data type.
  • decimal-places — Decimal places. An integer number.
    • decimal-places > 0 — The function rounds the number to the given position right of the decimal point. E.g. roundBankers(3.55, 1) = 3.6.
    • decimal-places < 0 — The function rounds the number to the given position left of the decimal point. E.g. roundBankers(24.55, -1) = 20.
    • decimal-places = 0 — The function rounds the number to integer. In this case the argument can be omitted. E.g. roundBankers(2.5) = 2.

Returned value

A value rounded by banker's rounding method.

Examples

Example of use

Query:

 SELECT number / 2 AS x, roundBankers(x, 0) AS b fROM system.numbers limit 10

Result:

┌───x─┬─b─┐
│   0 │ 0 │
│ 0.5 │ 0 │
│   1 │ 1 │
│ 1.5 │ 2 │
│   2 │ 2 │
│ 2.5 │ 2 │
│   3 │ 3 │
│ 3.5 │ 4 │
│   4 │ 4 │
│ 4.5 │ 4 │
└─────┴───┘

Examples of Banker's rounding

roundBankers(0.4) = 0
roundBankers(-3.5) = -4
roundBankers(4.5) = 4
roundBankers(3.55, 1) = 3.6
roundBankers(3.65, 1) = 3.6
roundBankers(10.35, 1) = 10.4
roundBankers(10.755, 2) = 11,76

See Also

roundToExp2(num)

Accepts a number. If the number is less than one, it returns 0. Otherwise, it rounds the number down to the nearest (whole non-negative) degree of two.

roundDuration(num)

Accepts a number. If the number is less than one, it returns 0. Otherwise, it rounds the number down to numbers from the set: 1, 10, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240, 300, 600, 1200, 1800, 3600, 7200, 18000, 36000. This function is specific to Yandex.Metrica and used for implementing the report on session length

roundAge(num)

Accepts a number. If the number is less than 18, it returns 0. Otherwise, it rounds the number down to a number from the set: 18, 25, 35, 45, 55. This function is specific to Yandex.Metrica and used for implementing the report on user age.

roundDown(num, arr)

Accept a number, round it down to an element in the specified array. If the value is less than the lowest bound, the lowest bound is returned.

roundBankers(x[, N])

Rounds a value to a specified number of decimal places.

The function returns the nearest number of the specified order. In case when given number has equal distance to surrounding numbers, the function always return the number having the nearest even digit (banker's rounding).