Hash functions

Hash functions can be used for deterministic pseudo-random shuffling of elements.

halfMD5

Interprets all the input parameters as strings and calculates the MD5 hash value for each of them. Then combines hashes. Then from the resulting string, takes the first 8 bytes of the hash and interprets them as UInt64 in big-endian byte order.

halfMD5(par1, ...)

The function works relatively slow (5 million short strings per second per processor core). Consider using the sipHash64 function instead.

Parameters

The function takes a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

Hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Example

SELECT halfMD5(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS halfMD5hash, toTypeName(halfMD5hash) AS type
┌────────halfMD5hash─┬─type───┐
│ 186182704141653334 │ UInt64 │
└────────────────────┴────────┘

MD5

Calculates the MD5 from a string and returns the resulting set of bytes as FixedString(16). If you don't need MD5 in particular, but you need a decent cryptographic 128-bit hash, use the 'sipHash128' function instead. If you want to get the same result as output by the md5sum utility, use lower(hex(MD5(s))).

sipHash64

Produces 64-bit SipHash hash value.

sipHash64(par1,...)

This function interprets all the input parameters as strings and calculates the hash value for each of them. Then combines hashes.

This is a cryptographic hash function. It works at least three times faster than the MD5 function.

Parameters

The function takes a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

Hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Example

SELECT sipHash64(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS SipHash, toTypeName(SipHash) AS type
┌──────────────SipHash─┬─type───┐
│ 13726873534472839665 │ UInt64 │
└──────────────────────┴────────┘

sipHash128

Calculates SipHash from a string. Accepts a String-type argument. Returns FixedString(16). Differs from sipHash64 in that the final xor-folding state is only done up to 128 bits.

cityHash64

Produces 64-bit hash value.

cityHash64(par1,...)

This is the fast non-cryptographic hash function. It uses CityHash algorithm for string parameters and implementation-specific fast non-cryptographic hash function for the parameters with other data types. To get the final result, the function uses the CityHash combinator.

Parameters

The function takes a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

Hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Examples

Call example:

SELECT cityHash64(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS CityHash, toTypeName(CityHash) AS type
┌─────────────CityHash─┬─type───┐
│ 12072650598913549138 │ UInt64 │
└──────────────────────┴────────┘

The following example shows how to compute the checksum of the entire table with accuracy up to the row order:

SELECT sum(cityHash64(*)) FROM table

intHash32

Calculates a 32-bit hash code from any type of integer. This is a relatively fast non-cryptographic hash function of average quality for numbers.

intHash64

Calculates a 64-bit hash code from any type of integer. It works faster than intHash32. Average quality.

SHA1

SHA224

SHA256

Calculates SHA-1, SHA-224, or SHA-256 from a string and returns the resulting set of bytes as FixedString(20), FixedString(28), or FixedString(32). The function works fairly slowly (SHA-1 processes about 5 million short strings per second per processor core, while SHA-224 and SHA-256 process about 2.2 million). We recommend using this function only in cases when you need a specific hash function and you can't select it. Even in these cases, we recommend applying the function offline and pre-calculating values when inserting them into the table, instead of applying it in SELECTS.

URLHash(url[, N])

A fast, decent-quality non-cryptographic hash function for a string obtained from a URL using some type of normalization. URLHash(s) – Calculates a hash from a string without one of the trailing symbols /,? or # at the end, if present. URLHash(s, N) – Calculates a hash from a string up to the N level in the URL hierarchy, without one of the trailing symbols /,? or # at the end, if present. Levels are the same as in URLHierarchy. This function is specific to Yandex.Metrica.

farmHash64

Produces a 64-bit FarmHash hash value.

farmHash64(par1, ...)

The function uses the Hash64 method from all available methods.

Parameters

The function takes a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

Hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Example

SELECT farmHash64(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS FarmHash, toTypeName(FarmHash) AS type
┌─────────────FarmHash─┬─type───┐
│ 17790458267262532859 │ UInt64 │
└──────────────────────┴────────┘

javaHash

Calculates JavaHash from a string. Accepts a String-type argument. Returns Int32. For more information, see the link: JavaHash

hiveHash

Calculates HiveHash from a string. Accepts a String-type argument. Returns Int32. Same as for JavaHash, except that the return value never has a negative number.

metroHash64

Produces a 64-bit MetroHash hash value.

metroHash64(par1, ...)

Parameters

The function takes a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

Hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Example

SELECT metroHash64(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS MetroHash, toTypeName(MetroHash) AS type
┌────────────MetroHash─┬─type───┐
│ 14235658766382344533 │ UInt64 │
└──────────────────────┴────────┘

jumpConsistentHash

Calculates JumpConsistentHash form a UInt64. Accepts a UInt64-type argument. Returns Int32. For more information, see the link: JumpConsistentHash

murmurHash2_32, murmurHash2_64

Produces a MurmurHash2 hash value.

murmurHash2_32(par1, ...)
murmurHash2_64(par1, ...)

Parameters

Both functions take a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

  • The murmurHash2_32 function returns hash value having the UInt32 data type.
  • The murmurHash2_64 function returns hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Example

SELECT murmurHash2_64(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS MurmurHash2, toTypeName(MurmurHash2) AS type
┌──────────MurmurHash2─┬─type───┐
│ 11832096901709403633 │ UInt64 │
└──────────────────────┴────────┘

murmurHash3_32, murmurHash3_64

Produces a MurmurHash3 hash value.

murmurHash3_32(par1, ...)
murmurHash3_64(par1, ...)

Parameters

Both functions take a variable number of input parameters. Parameters can be any of the supported data types.

Returned Value

  • The murmurHash3_32 function returns hash value having the UInt32 data type.
  • The murmurHash3_64 function returns hash value having the UInt64 data type.

Example

SELECT murmurHash3_32(array('e','x','a'), 'mple', 10, toDateTime('2019-06-15 23:00:00')) AS MurmurHash3, toTypeName(MurmurHash3) AS type
┌─MurmurHash3─┬─type───┐
│     2152717 │ UInt32 │
└─────────────┴────────┘

murmurHash3_128

Produces a 128-bit MurmurHash3 hash value.

murmurHash3_128( expr )

Parameters

Returned Value

Hash value having FixedString(16) data type.

Example

SELECT murmurHash3_128('example_string') AS MurmurHash3, toTypeName(MurmurHash3) AS type
┌─MurmurHash3──────┬─type────────────┐
│ 6�1�4"S5KT�~~q │ FixedString(16) │
└──────────────────┴─────────────────┘

xxHash32, xxHash64

Calculates xxHash from a string. Accepts a String-type argument. Returns UInt64 Or UInt32. For more information, see the link: xxHash