Dictionary Key and Fields

The <structure> clause describes the dictionary key and fields available for queries.

Overall structure:

<dictionary>
    <structure>
        <id>
            <name>Id</name>
        </id>

        <attribute>
            <!-- Attribute parameters -->
        </attribute>

        ...

    </structure>
</dictionary>

Columns are described in the structure:

Key

ClickHouse supports the following types of keys:

  • Numeric key. UInt64. Defined in the tag <id> .
  • Composite key. Set of values of different types. Defined in the tag <key> .

A structure can contain either <id> or <key> .

Warning

The key doesn't need to be defined separately in attributes.

Numeric Key

Format: UInt64.

Configuration example:

<id>
    <name>Id</name>
</id>

Configuration fields:

  • name – The name of the column with keys.

Composite Key

The key can be a tuple from any types of fields. The layout in this case must be complex_key_hashed or complex_key_cache.

Tip

A composite key can consist of a single element. This makes it possible to use a string as the key, for instance.

The key structure is set in the element <key>. Key fields are specified in the same format as the dictionary attributes. Example:

<structure>
    <key>
        <attribute>
            <name>field1</name>
            <type>String</type>
        </attribute>
        <attribute>
            <name>field2</name>
            <type>UInt32</type>
        </attribute>
        ...
    </key>
...

For a query to the dictGet* function, a tuple is passed as the key. Example: dictGetString('dict_name', 'attr_name', tuple('string for field1', num_for_field2)).

Attributes

Configuration example:

<structure>
    ...
    <attribute>
        <name>Name</name>
        <type>Type</type>
        <null_value></null_value>
        <expression>rand64()</expression>
        <hierarchical>true</hierarchical>
        <injective>true</injective>
        <is_object_id>true</is_object_id>
    </attribute>
</structure>

Configuration fields:

Tag Description Required
name Column name. Yes
type Column type.
Sets the method for interpreting data in the source. For example, for MySQL, the field might be TEXT, VARCHAR, or BLOB in the source table, but it can be uploaded as String.
Yes
null_value Default value for a non-existing element.
In the example, it is an empty string.
Yes
expression Expression that ClickHouse executes on the value.
The expression can be a column name in the remote SQL database. Thus, you can use it for creating an alias for the remote column.

Default value: no expression.
No
hierarchical Hierarchical support. Mirrored to the parent identifier.

Default value: false.
No
injective Flag that shows whether the id -> attribute image is injective.
If true, then you can optimize the GROUP BY clause.

Default value: false.
No
is_object_id Flag that shows whether the query is executed for a MongoDB document by ObjectID.

Default value: false.
No