Nullable(TypeName)

Allows to store special marker (NULL) that denotes "missing value" alongside normal values allowed by TypeName. For example, a Nullable(Int8) type column can store Int8 type values, and the rows that don't have a value will store NULL.

For a TypeName, you can't use composite data types Array and Tuple. Composite data types can contain Nullable type values, such as Array(Nullable(Int8)).

A Nullable type field can't be included in table indexes.

NULL is the default value for any Nullable type, unless specified otherwise in the ClickHouse server configuration.

Storage features

To store Nullable type values in table column, ClickHouse uses a separate file with NULL masks in addition to normal file with values. Entries in masks file allow ClickHouse to distinguish between NULL and default value of corresponding data type for each table row. Because of additional file, Nullable column consumes additional storage space compared to similar normal one.

Note

Using Nullable almost always negatively affects performance, keep this in mind when designing your databases.

Usage example

:) CREATE TABLE t_null(x Int8, y Nullable(Int8)) ENGINE TinyLog

CREATE TABLE t_null
(
    x Int8,
    y Nullable(Int8)
)
ENGINE = TinyLog

Ok.

0 rows in set. Elapsed: 0.012 sec.

:) INSERT INTO t_null VALUES (1, NULL)

INSERT INTO t_null VALUES

Ok.

1 rows in set. Elapsed: 0.007 sec.

:) SELECT x + y FROM t_null

SELECT x + y
FROM t_null

┌─plus(x, y)─┐
│       ᴺᵁᴸᴸ │
│          5 │
└────────────┘

2 rows in set. Elapsed: 0.144 sec.